Multi intelligence states that intelligence is the original biological potential of human-specific capabilities. This potential varies with experience, culture and the motive to understand the different ways.
According to psychological study, man has an innate intelligence operation to perform certain specific pre-orientation. Some children, adolescents, are extremely sensitive to sound or pairs of words or numbers.
In some stimulation, some have much faster response time, and the reaction time for these stimuli was very bright and cheerful. Normally individuals have strong potential in some areas.
Educators must understand the students (strengths, areas of strengths, weaknesses, vulnerable areas, etc.) as well as its adaptability, and to educate students on this basis.
Gardner believes that a person’s intelligence would certainly bring about a set of problem-solving skills, which allows the individual to solve his own problems or difficulties. To solve different problems there is a need to have a different focus on different intelligence, so a person’s intelligence is diverse. Intelligent is different, each person has the potential to be able to develop in different areas, in other words, we should select a person suitable development path.
Gardner believes that intelligence is a personal ideal and the product of the interaction between social needs. Any individuals may develop their own capacity, but if this ability of the development with the world is cut off, then this capability will absolutely not be developed.
Theory of Multiple Intelligences believes that everyone has a relatively independent of the eight kinds of intelligence, they are different in each person and at various levels.
The eight types of intelligence in Multiple Intelligences:
Multiple Intelligences were divided into eight types: intelligence languages, mathematics, logic, intelligence, visual-spatial intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, musical melody intelligence, interpersonal intelligence and self-recognition intelligence.
1) Language Intelligence (Verbal / Linguistic intelligence)
Refers to the effective use of spoken language or written language ability. These students tend to be good in grammar, phonology, language, combined with practical learning and the ability to use them smoothly. Strong language intelligent students like playing with words, enjoy reading, discussion and writing. They use language and words to think while study. They learn best through debating, writing, reading, research, speaking reciting and word game.
2) Mathematical Logic Smart (Logical / Mathematical intelligence)
Refers to the efficient use of numbers and reasoning ability. These students are good in logic and relationships, statements and advocates, functions and other related abstractions sensitivity. They are particularly fond of in school mathematics or science class curriculum; like to ask questions and perform experiments to find the answer (if I every day of my bonsai twice poured water over what will happen?); Like to find things with rules and logic of sequence. They also like volume, classification, and analysis of things. This type of children rely on reasoning or exploring when learning. They learn best through computing, calculating, graphing, comparing and classifying.
3) Spatial intelligence (Visual / Spatial intelligence)
Refers to the precise sense of visual space, and to the perceived demonstrated ability. These students are good with color, line, shape, form, space and the are sensitive of the relationship between them, they also have the ability to quickly find the direction. Wizard, hunting, like to play puzzles, visual games like Maze and like to imagine. They think in image and diagrams. They learn best through painting, drawing, watching movies, illustrating, mapping and visualizing.
4) Limb movements Smart (Bodily / Kinesthetic intelligence)
They are good at using the whole body to express thoughts and feelings. This smart has special physical skills, such as balance, coordination, agility, strength, flexibility and speed, as well as tactile ability. The difficulty of this type is to sit still; they like to help to build things, such as sewing, compiled weaving, carving, or wood, or skip along, touching objects in the environment. They like outdoor activities, and people talk about words, gestures or other commonly used body language, like the thrill of recreational activities and regularly engage in sports. This A class of children learn through bodily sensations. They learn best through hands-on experience, drama, dance, role-play and performing.
5) Music Smart (Musical / Rhythmic intelligence)
Refers to the detection, identification, change and the ability to express music. This smart includes rhythm, pitch, melody or sound sensitivity. They usually have a good singing voice, tone can easily identify whether the rhythm right. They are very sensitive, and often able to work and listen to (or singing) music, they will play musical instruments and may be able to remember a new song easily. This type of children thinks through the rhythm of melody in their studies. They learn best through composing, singing, and making up song lyrics, improvising and writing jingles.
6) Interpersonal intelligence (Inter-personal intelligence)
They are aware of and able to differentiate between other people’s emotions, intentions, motivation and sensory capabilities. This includes facial expressions, voice and the sensitivity of movement, to identify the different relationships to those of the allusions and the ability to suggest appropriate responses.
Strong interpersonal intelligence usually prefer the participating organizations on the nature of sports or games such as basketball, bridge; while more may not like the personal nature of sports and games, such as running, playing video games. When they encounter problems, they are more are willing to ask others to lend a hand; like to teach people how to do something. They feel very comfortable in a crowd, are usually groups leaders. Children in this category rely on the feedback when studying and working. They learn best through negotiation, group work, team activity, debating, sharing and role-play.
7) Intrapersonal (Intra-personal intelligence)
Refers to self-knowledge, and make the appropriate capacity to act accordingly. These students normally are aware of their inner emotions, intentions, motivations, temperament, and desire, as well as the ability to self-discipline self-knowledge and self-esteem. Intelligent and strong self-awareness are usually able to maintain a diary or a bedtime habit of self-examination: understand their strengths and weaknesses; often retreat to plan their own life goals. Children in this category learn best through in-depth self-reflection, writing journals, research, and rehearsing and self-paced activities. To them, an ideal learning environment maybe for them to be alone.
8) Naturalist intelligence (Naturalist intelligence)
They are good at observing nature, identify the capacity of natural phenomena, but also able to inter-relate and to judge. They learn best through observation, comparing, classifying, discovering and hands on experience.