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How to Tick All the Boxes While Preparing for the UPSC Examinations?

How to Tick All the Boxes While Preparing for the UPSC Examinations?

Are you one of those young minds preparing for the UPSC(Union Service Public Commission) examinations shortly? Are you one of those souls who want to, on one of these days, be known as a revered officer in the Indian Administrative Services? Yes? Well, then you are at the right place because we understand your dream. We understand the passion that burns within you to savour that moment when you find out you have nailed the exams. Bring out your pens and papers. Draw boxes on it in a vertical manner and next to each box, write the statements that are about to tell you.During the course of your preparation, tick marks all the options one by one as you nail each target day by day.Let us begin!

1) Health comes first
Astressed-out mind and body can never achieve the goals that it seeks to accomplish. I know that you, dear reader, might be shaking your head at it but maintaining strong vitality during this phase is extremely crucial. You need to take out time for proper food, nutrition, exercise and sleep so that physically and mentally, your bodyis prepared for the task to come.

2) Basics work better than anything
A lot of students and aspirants become victims of muddled thinking and coursework because there are numerous textual, literary and various other outlets. You must understand that since there is no specific textbook or specific way in which one ought to prepare, the best thing is to lay a foundation over strong basics. Stick to your NCERT textbooks and exercises for your basic foundational work because you cannot build something solid over something weak.

3) Come up with a game plan

The founder of Chanakya IAS Academy,an organisation which caters to the preparation for Civil Services has time and again emphasized that it is important to understand the structure of the paper so that you are not in the blind. The general studies paper comprises of various topics spanning across History, General Awareness, Numeracy (also CSAT) and Current Affairs. So, any basic textbooks or guides for the same should suffice. The thrust is to create a system of organisation which is clear in your head so that your preparation remains as focussed as possible.

4) Rehearsal Time
It is very important to create notes of your own and practice as many mock papers that you can lay your hand on to have a sense of control over your preparation. It is also a wonderful way to see how your knowledge has truly assimilated. UPSC prelim answer keys become very crucial here. Try to lay your hands on them while you practice. You can access them easily from any sources online. The UPSC prelim answer key becomes relevant because a firm grasp over papers and their patterns over the past, practised systematically can bring out a sense of confidence which is only positive in nature.

5) Self-belief, faith and optimism

These concepts sound dramatic but play a major role because …

Religious Education Should Be Chronological for A Reason

Religious Education Should Be Chronological for A Reason

Many people browse this website, then one after another, looking to discover bible scriptures that fulfills their constant pursuit of learning all the contents of the bible. Having constant and repetitious exposure to the bible empowers to grow in your daily walk of spiritual growth. But to develop a more intimate relationship with God, you must indulge in the bible wholeheartedly, reading the book in a sequence that builds on itself as you progress in your studies.

When looking for religious education, the first book you refer to is the Bible. And even when considering indulging in the books and chapters contained within this historical masterpiece, the sheer number of pages to read and interpret can seem insurmountable. And while many people attempt to read the Bible from cover to cover in the order presented, it is more beneficial to rearrange the chapters so that, when reading, you will adequately capture the revealed character of God with a profound and meaningful understanding of the scriptures. By rearranging the chapters of the book so that you are reading the events in chronological order, you will be empowered with the structure needed to grasp a complete understanding of the messages deeply embedded in the text of the bible.

Understand the Progression of Compound Meanings

If you read the bible out of chronological order, you tend to imagine each story as an independent event. Even more, it is hard to envision how each story fuels the significance of other events. That is because you cannot grasp the intertwining elements of each event. As a result, you also overlook the similarities, comparisons and parallels that reveal God’s instructions and teachings because the correlations remain hidden.

But by reading the bible in chronological order, you will better understand how each chapter relates to the others. That is especially important when reading the stories of the bible because the meanings of each story are not independent of each other. Rather, there is a progressive intertwine of lessons and morals that are compounded over time. That means that the most important concepts to learn that are located near the end of the biblical chronological time table require that you fully understand preciously occurring events for you to be able to envision the perspective that God intended. It is nearly impossible to gain a complete and well-rounded understanding of some stories without knowing the history of events that led up to that occurrence. That is why reading the bible in chronological order is so essential to the enjoyment and meaningfulness of reading the bible.

Identify and Differentiate Incorrect Teachings

It is easy to find one interpretation of a sermon, then find another one that contradicts what you have learned. There are a few different reasons why the stories of the bible do not always align. Some of the reasons are attributed to the different versions of the bible. Other causes for the various understandings derived from the same passages are rooted in how the meanings are paraphrased …

Learning to Learn Again; Online Options for Adults Looking to Further Their Education

Learning to Learn Again; Online Options for Adults Looking to Further Their Education

Do you remember when you were a teenager and were in school? Ugh, what a horrible time, right?! All of the teachers trying to teach you information to prepare you for the world ahead while your brain is at the perfect stage of its growth cycle to absorb the information. Teachers were the worst!


And while, looking back, we wish we had paid attention in class, is it never too late to further your knowledge with additional learning. Below is a great article on how you can overcome many of the common challenges faced by adults looking to learn.

You Don’t Have to Go to School

Well, maybe you do, but you don’t have to attend a physical building. While nightschool is a great option for many adults, the requirement to attend a physical class at a time and date which can not be changed doesn’t work well with their lifestyle.

Instead, more and more adults are turning to online learning platforms, with the entirety of the learning taking place using online tools and services.


This level of distance learning allows each adult student to complete their required lessons at a time and in a space which is the most convenient for them. For example, if you have downtime during your daily commute you could squeeze in some online coursework on your laptop, such as a quiz which ended completion of some revision work which you needed to turn in.


One of the additional and less recognized benefits to the lack of a physical presence is the ability to offer a broader range of courses. For example, if you can’t get enough of the Groupon Coupons page for Sunglass Hut and think of yourself as quite the fashionista and would like to turn that into a business, you could complete a short course in fashion design and one in business management and learn everything you need to know.

Of course, your options aren’t limited to these two courses. Check online and see if any of your hobbies can be turned into potential careers. You never know, your talents could be wasted at your current job and a small amount of additional study could be the boost you need to change your life!


Of course, the biggest advantage which comes from a course being delivered entirely online is the reduction in the cost to students. After all, there is no building to lease, no lights to turn on, no cleaning to be done, and no administrative staff and lecturers to pay.

While this used to result in a lack of quality teachings, advancements in technology have allowed online learning institutions to provide high-quality online courses with genuine real-world benefits and application.

When it comes to studying as an adult, it’s important that you don’t restrict yourself to the idea that you need to attend a physical school tolerant anything valuable. While night courses and similar options offer many benefits they aren’t the only option for …

What an MBA Can Do For Your Career

What an MBA Can Do For Your Career

When it comes to being successful in the world of business, there’s very little that can compare to an MBA. These days, a typical undergraduate degree is simply not enough. In order to be competitive in your particular business niche, you need to have an MBA, or at least be considering getting one. Why?  There are plenty of things that an MBA can do for your career, including the following.

Provide You with Transferable Skills

Business school can provide you with the skills and knowledge needed to take your career in the world of business to new heights. Although MBA students often look to careers in the finance or consulting realms, the skills that are acquired from an MBA program can be transferable to a host of other roles. These days, you will find an increasing number of MBA graduates working in health care, government, consumer goods, non-profits, and many more industries. The skills that are harnessed during an MBA will do a lot for you to help you find your way toward achieving your ultimate career goals. Check it out here.

Increased Job Security

While no job is truly 100% secure, you can certainly help to increase your job security with the job you are at if you hold an MBA. In fact, there is currently a very high demand for MBA-educated professionals in all realms of business. An MBA is also a powerful way to differentiate you from the overall marketplace, especially a competitive one like today’s. Recruiters claim that some of their corporate clients will only consider candidates with an MBA, which goes to show just how much leaders in business truly value this type of qualification.

Degree Specializations

The majority of MBA programs provide specializations that allow you to go deeper into a particular industry. These courses offer students a chance to test out a few different industries to see whether or not it makes a good fit prior to diving in. Adding a specialization to an MBA is a smart move for those who know precisely what they are looking to do with their career and who seek to build a much stronger skill set in that particular area. If you’re already aware that you are interested in a very specific niche, getting an MBA with a specialization can make you more marketable.

Networking Opportunities

Being in business school will give you plenty of opportunities to network with other like-minded and ambitious people from all over the world, which can boost your experience by exposing you to several business practices, cultures, and viewpoints. The connections you can make are an extremely valuable facet of the MBA, so ensure that you capitalize on the chances you get both in and out of the classroom throughout your MBA studies. Your alumni network can help you stay connected to your school and many professional opportunities that you can take advantage of throughout your career.

There are plenty of reasons to obtain an MBA. If you’re still on …

Short Introduction to Naturalist Charles Darwin

Short Introduction to Naturalist Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin was a British naturalist who devoted his life to the study of nature and geology. He is best known for his extensive contributions to the study of evolution.

Darwin was born in 1809 to a wealthy family. His father was a prominent doctor who influenced Darwin to study medicine in his youth. He was sent to continue in his footsteps at the University of Edinburgh Medical School. To his father’s dismay Darwin was squeamish during surgeries and uninterested in lectures.

Despite being enrolled at the best medical school in the UK Darwin focused his attention on theories that challenged religious entanglements with science. He became immersed in the study of marine invertebrates, and spent a great deal of time learning to classify plants and assemble the botany collection of the University Museum.

Darwin’s father attempted to reshape his interests again by transferring him to Cambridge’s Christ College. This course of education would have led Darwin to become an Anglican parson, but Darwin had other ideas. He spent a great deal of time on recreation, and on assembling a large beetle collection. He graduated in 1831 with an ordinary degree and a great deal of interest in natural theology. He had become a close friend of botanist and professor John Stevens Henslow who would subsequently recommend Darwin embark on an expedition on the HMS Beagle.

Darwin boarded the HMS Beagle in 1831 in the role of the gentleman naturalist. The five year voyage was intended to survey the South American coastline. Darwin assisted with geological surveys and kept a journal of his findings while also collecting fossils. At the end of the journey Darwin wrote that his findings seemed to reveal secrets about the origin of species. He’d also completed a great deal of experiential research pertaining to anthropology,geology, and zoology. Excerpts from his journals and letters had been distributed amongst scientific circles in England.

By March of 1837 as he organized his findings in writing Darwin mapped out his perception of an evolutionary tree. By June he was including his thoughts about sexual reproduction and lifespan as they applied to the adaptations of species. He used this research as a basis for his most famous theory of natural selection which was finally published in 1856.

Darwin died in 1882 at the age of 73 after a long life of scientific study. His published works provide immense value globally, and he has been described as among the most truly influential people in the world’s history.…

Puerto Princesa School of Arts and Trades: Technical Education and Training Provider in Palawan

Puerto Princesa School of Arts and Trades: Technical Education and Training Provider in Palawan

PPSAT is one of the 125 Technical Education and Skills Development Authority Technology (TESDA) Institutions in the Philippines. It provides competency-based training programs and strengthens linkages with partners to develop competent workers for local and global employment and entrepreneurial opportunities for quality life. The school is an Accredited Assessment Center and Venue for various qualifications; a Regional Site for Language Skills Programs since 2008. It offers 16 Qualifications registered under the Unified TVET Program Registration and Accreditation System (UTPRAS). In December 2011, the school offered Training Methodology Program for the trainers handling TVET qualifications.

In October, 2011, the school has been accredited with the Asia Pacific Accreditation and Certification Commission (APACC) and a recipient of a bronze level award. This shows that its physical resources, faculty, curriculum, governance and management, are as good as those in the Asia Pacific Region’s TVET schools. The award received motivates its faculty and staff to continue working for the attainment of school’s vision, mission and objectives; as it belongs to the first 21 schools of the 125 to submit for accreditation.

As of these days, the school does not only cater high school graduates. It accommodates college graduates who wants to be technically trained, college undergraduates who dropped from school due to financial constraints, military personnel endorsed by officials from the Armed Forces to take programs prior to their retirement. It likewise recognizes high school undergraduates who have prior learning based on experience and graduates of the Alternative Learning System.

The Puerto Princesa School of Arts and Trades (PPSAT) is located along Rafols Road, Barangay Sta. Monica, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines. The school was created under Republic Act 7928 on March 1, 1995 to offer technology programs to the high school graduates who cannot afford to take a four-year college program. It started offering a two-year program in Construction and Electronics Sector. On March, 2003, it had been identified as a Center of Technical Excellence with Machining as its Distinctive Area of Competence. The school was one of the 41 school-beneficiary of Technical Education and Skills Development projects funded by Asian Development Bank. This leads to more programs registered and opened to serve its clients.

Currently, the school strengthens its partnership with Local Government Units, Non-Government Units and industries to meet graduates supply and employment demand of the country. It closely coordinates with the TESDA-Palawan Provincial Office and other Offices for quality delivery of services for customer satisfaction.

As of 2011, PPSAT had produced 2,413 graduates, and 64% are already working. It serves more out-of-school youths who aspire for technical jobs in the Philippines and abroad.

© 2013 March Clarissa C. Posadas…

Maslow on My Mind: How Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Affects Business and Society

Maslow on My Mind: How Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Affects Business and Society

Introduction: Maslow in the Big Apple

Abraham Maslow was born in New York in 1908 to poor, uneducated Russian immigrants. He was the oldest of seven children, and therefore pushed by his parents to succeed in education where they had not. Originally studying to be a lawyer, he found it to be of little interest and eventually shifted over to psychology where he excelled. Maslow went on to receive his PhD in Psychology at the University of Wisconsin, under the tutelage of Harry Harlow, famous for experimentation with rhesus monkeys and attachment behavior. After some time he returned to New York and began studying human sexuality. In addition to this study, during the years of teaching, he had the opportunity to meet many well-respected psychologists which further helped to shape his thoughts on the human needs. The final event which led Maslow to move in the humanistic direction came from the study of the development of the concept of “self-actualization”. It was this study that led Maslow to develop his famous Hierarchy of Needs Theory.[1]

Food for thought: What humans really need

Until Maslow began to develop his theories, most studies on human nature focused on biology, achievement or power to explain the forces that drive us.

Maslow postulated that there were five levels of basic needs that every human attempts to attain:

Externally-Satisfied Needs (basic needs that every individual must satisfy before they can progress).

1. Physiological – I’m hungry.

2. Safety – I’m scared.

Internally-Satisfied Needs (needs leading to enlightenment and understanding.

3. Social – I’m lonely.

4. Esteem – I can’t.

5. Self Actualization – I can!

In the 1970s, Maslow further split this hierarchy up into a total of eight levels:[2]

1) Physiological: hunger, thirst, bodily comforts, etc.;

2) Safety/security: out of danger;

3) Belonging and Love: affiliate with others, be accepted; and

4) Esteem: to achieve, be competent, gain approval and recognition.

5) Cognitive: to know, to understand, and explore; (new)

6) Aesthetic: symmetry, order, and beauty; (new)

7) Self-actualization: to find self-fulfillment and realize one’s potential; and

8) Self-transcendence: to connect to something beyond the ego or to help others find self-fulfillment and realize their potential. (new) (This concept is relatively new and many authors such as Dr. Stephen covey express similar views.)[3]

Another way to look at the Needs is to break it into “D-Needs” (Deficiency) and “B-Needs” (Being). Maslow believed that the deficiency needs, once satisfied ceased to be a driving force for the individual, and they were then free to move upward to developing themselves.

If we follow the traditional hierarchical form, we can see that each need forms the basis of the next need above it in the pyramid. Without these previous foundations, Maslow believed that it is impossible to move on to the next stage in the hierarchy.[4]

In spite of the fact that it is very well-known and intrinsically comforting, there seems to be little hard evidence that the theory actually applies to people in general. Even Maslow …

Setting The Tone For A Positive Learning Environment

Setting The Tone For A Positive Learning Environment

Every teacher has a responsibility to provide a healthy learning environment for his or her students. Over the years, volumes of research have been conducted to help teachers determine what works best for the students. There is a wealth of methods and techniques that, through research, have been proven to improve the quality of the learning environment. Many different aspects of the learning environment should be considered.

A positive learning environment is one in which school staff, students, and parents build safe and peaceful environments where people feel accepted and respected and where learning is the main focus (Stratman, n.d.). Therefore, a positive school climate exists when all students feel comfortable, wanted, valued, accepted, and secure in an environment where they can interact with caring people they trust. A positive school climate affects everyone associated with the school, being the students, staff, parents, and the community. It is the belief system or culture that underlies the day-to-day operation of a school. “Improved school climate is a goal to pursue. Educators need to constantly work toward improving their school climate, culture, and conditions so that student learning is improved” (Noonan, 2004 p.64). How Teachers Can Set the Tone for a Positive Learning Environment

There are many things a teacher can do to make his or her classroom a safe and positive place for students to learn. First and foremost, a teacher needs to be enthusiastic about her or himself. They must come in with an energetic attitude. They must be positive because it radiates. How the teacher feels and appears it will affect the classroom. The teacher is the facilitator, the teacher sets an example, and the teacher is the role model. Attitude goes a long way.

When teachers come to work stressed-out, it can be damaging to the students. A study conducted by Yoon (2002) investigated whether or not teacher stress, negative affect, and self-efficacy would predict the quality of student-teacher relationships. Findings suggested, “negative teacher-student relationships were predicted by teacher stress. Significant correlations were found among negative affect, teacher stress and negative relationships”(p.486).

The teacher should also share with the students the importance of an education and the importance of being independent. So if they see a teacher enthused about learning and ideas are shared, then the students will feel the same as well. Teachers can also help create a positive environment by simply caring for the students and showing each of them that they are special. Furthermore, they should be taught to respect and care for each other.

Teachers should regularly conduct research to stay up-to-date on the best practices and methods to use in creating a positive learning environment. Freda Glatt, a retired teacher who firmly believes in the benefits of a positive learning environment has shared some tips on creating a positive learning environment through the Sandral Sensations website (2003):

Make sure each child knows that he is important to you as an individual. Give eye contact and a pleasant greeting to every child each morning. …

Dr Reverend Michael Bernard Beckwith

Dr Reverend Michael Bernard Beckwith

Michael Beckwith was born in 1956. His first experience with religion wasn’t an entirely pleasant one, and he left his native Methodist and Congregational church at 16. As he has said since, “it just wasn’t feeding me. I liked the teachings of Jesus, but I didn’t see people practicing what he said.” Like many other baby boomers, he began investigating Eastern and African modes of spirituality the 1970s. However, unlike many of them, he decided to found his own church by the time he was 30.

The interdenominational church that became Agape was founded on the notion of New Thought-Ancient Wisdom — generally that focusing your mind and training your thoughts allows you could more fully experience the single divine force at the heart of every living thing and communicate that to others through your actions. Though the New Thought Movement is quite old, going as far back in one form or another to such figures from the turn of the last century as William Walker Atkinson and Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, it remains vital today as several different denominations, such as Religious Science.

Michael was ordained in Religious Science in 1985, and he soon began teaching a few friends at his home. In 1986 he founded Agape International Spiritual Centre in Santa Monica, California. In just a few years, membership swelled. Eventually the ministry found a new, much larger home in Culver City, California, where it remains today.

What started out as that small gathering of practitioners has today grown into a centre that serves a congregation estimated at nearly 10,000 each week. While the message may seem to differ from that of the more “mainstream” churches, Reverend Beckwith’s church is responsible for a bevy of ministries such as, aiding poor and disadvantaged individuals in the US and worldwide. Other campaigns include supporting orphanages for the survivors of AIDS, the peace movement, food distribution to the local homeless populations and environmental advocacy.

Today, the Church itself is a model of interracial and interdenominational harmony. Indeed, many members continue with their various faiths in addition to feeling the message at Agape. While the congregation does include the wealthy and powerful people who live and work in the nearby area, people of all backgrounds witness the rousing spectacle that is a service at Beckwith’s church.

As a founding member of the Association for Global New Thought in 2000, “dedicated to creating a spiritual transformation of the Earth as a whole,” Michael continues working to promote peace and forgiveness. The charter documents declare an emphasis on the shared nature of all life and the birthright of abundance that is each member’s right.

The Reverend Beckwith has received a great deal of attention lately, from other devotional and service groups, appearing as a guest columnist in several devotional websites and magazines. With other members of the New Thought movement, he had an audience with the Dali Lama. At Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, the all-black men’s institution has installed him in their Wall of …

A Quick Biography of Jacob Bogatin

A Quick Biography of Jacob Bogatin

Jacob Bogatin, born as Yakov Gershevich Bogatin on August, 13th in 1947. He attended Saratov’s elementary and middle schools. Then he continued his education in Saratov’s Mathematical School. Being in the 9th grade Jacob started a pilot and sky jumping program in Gagarin Aviation School. In 1965 after graduation from high school the young man applied to Cinematography College in Moscow but it was unsuccessful. Later he was accepted in Saratov State University and graduated with physics degree in 1970.

Immediately afterwards Jacob took a junior research post at Saratov State University and got a PhD in Physics. Since then he had established the largest magnetic laboratory in Volga region and equipped it with modern scientific machinery such as: Jeol and Comeca Micro analyzer, Magnetic Spectra analyzer and 500 thousand magnification Electronic microscopes. In 1971 he got married. From 1973 till 1985 the professor published over 100 articles about permanent magnets. In 1978 young fellow invented the powerful ND-Fe-B permanent magnets which are used in electronics, cars and jets nowadays. In 1977 Jacob received a full professorship in physics. Under his leadership many undergraduate students got their PhD’s and became scientists. His relationship with Russian government started worsening right after his mother and sister immigrated to Israel. In 1985 young professor applied for an immigration visa which was denied twice. In 1987 the man finally granted a permission to leave Russia and immigrate to the United States. His family was given 10 days to leave Russia.

In 1987 Bogatin emigrated to the USA and joined the Airspace Company in Jenkintown, Pennsylvania. From 1987 to 1988 he had been a manager of magnetic department and built a research center with magnetic laboratory. In 1989 he invented the first Uranium Rare-Earth Metal Magnet along with the Aquanides Magnet.

During 1988-1993 the scientist lectured at UPEN for an undergraduate program.

His children graduated in 1992 and 1998 from UPEN and Haneman University, they got married later on. His daughter has two children, his son has one child.

In 1993 the scholar organized a Magnetic Company to manufacture magnets.

In 1998 Jacob started a green field operation for his daughter and his son-in-law. Moreover, in 2000 he built a 3500 feet medical center with a doctor’s office, radiology and physical therapy departments.

In 2002 he made a decision to issue the first glossy monthly publication for the Russian community in the USA and Canada called The Health Magazine. Five years later the magazine became the only successful periodical with a circulation of over 50,000 copies per month.

In 2002 the scientist was hired by a group of private investors to build a 22000 square feet diagnostic center. In 2003 Radiology department with 25 employees opened its doors to give community an access for the newest technology: Siemens 1.5 tesla short board MRI, 64 slices CT Scan, Dual head Nuclear medicine and many more.

In 2003 the professor opened a Sleep Disorder Center for patients with sleep disorders.

In 2004 Jacob completed a radiation oncology …