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Short Introduction to Naturalist Charles Darwin

Short Introduction to Naturalist Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin was a British naturalist who devoted his life to the study of nature and geology. He is best known for his extensive contributions to the study of evolution.

Darwin was born in 1809 to a wealthy family. His father was a prominent doctor who influenced Darwin to study medicine in his youth. He was sent to continue in his footsteps at the University of Edinburgh Medical School. To his father’s dismay Darwin was squeamish during surgeries and uninterested in lectures.

Despite being enrolled at the best medical school in the UK Darwin focused his attention on theories that challenged religious entanglements with science. He became immersed in the study of marine invertebrates, and spent a great deal of time learning to classify plants and assemble the botany collection of the University Museum.

Darwin’s father attempted to reshape his interests again by transferring him to Cambridge’s Christ College. This course of education would have led Darwin to become an Anglican parson, but Darwin had other ideas. He spent a great deal of time on recreation, and on assembling a large beetle collection. He graduated in 1831 with an ordinary degree and a great deal of interest in natural theology. He had become a close friend of botanist and professor John Stevens Henslow who would subsequently recommend Darwin embark on an expedition on the HMS Beagle.

Darwin boarded the HMS Beagle in 1831 in the role of the gentleman naturalist. The five year voyage was intended to survey the South American coastline. Darwin assisted with geological surveys and kept a journal of his findings while also collecting fossils. At the end of the journey Darwin wrote that his findings seemed to reveal secrets about the origin of species. He’d also completed a great deal of experiential research pertaining to anthropology,geology, and zoology. Excerpts from his journals and letters had been distributed amongst scientific circles in England.

By March of 1837 as he organized his findings in writing Darwin mapped out his perception of an evolutionary tree. By June he was including his thoughts about sexual reproduction and lifespan as they applied to the adaptations of species. He used this research as a basis for his most famous theory of natural selection which was finally published in 1856.

Darwin died in 1882 at the age of 73 after a long life of scientific study. His published works provide immense value globally, and he has been described as among the most truly influential people in the world’s history.…

How to Get the Most Out of Joining the Military

How to Get the Most Out of Joining the Military

So you are thinking about joining the military and want to make good choices regarding your career from the start. Whether you decide to have a long successful career and retire or you want to be a short timer and get out after your first contract you can have a very successful career post military as a contractor or in the civilian sector. How fast you become successful depends how you spend your time while you are in the military but we will talk about that in another article. Will you have a job in the military that is marketable in the contracting world or the civilian sector? Most people who have been in the military have a marketable skill they can carry over to the contracting world or the civilian sector once they get out. I would like to say all of those who get out have the experience needed to become successful even though I hear some former military personnel say that is not the case and they learned nothing of value in the military. As hard as that is for me to believe I will give them the benefit of the doubt and say there may be a small percentage of people getting out of the military that have no skills to use in the contracting world or civilian job market. If that is the case they probably did not take the time to pick a good career path in the military and did not take any classes while they were in. I will discuss ways you can avoid getting yourself in this situation. At the very least make sure you get the GI bill when you enlist this way you have money for school you can use once you get out of the military. If you want there are ways to use your GI bill while you are still in the military so that is one option you have to increase your marketability before you get out.

When you finally make your decision to join and take that trip to the recruiter you should do a few things before you go there. Remember this is a big decision and the choices you make now will affect your career path for the next three or more years depending on the length of your enlistment. This is not going to be something you can quit if you don’t like it or change jobs into another field after a year. You are picking the career you are going to be in for at least three to four years. The military uses a test called the ASVAB test that they give you so they know what jobs you qualify for. If you pick a field you want to work in you must have a high enough ASVAB score before they let you enlist in the job field. Go to the ASVAB page on to take the tests and see how you do. You can also see the minimum ASVAB …

Puerto Princesa School of Arts and Trades: Technical Education and Training Provider in Palawan

Puerto Princesa School of Arts and Trades: Technical Education and Training Provider in Palawan

PPSAT is one of the 125 Technical Education and Skills Development Authority Technology (TESDA) Institutions in the Philippines. It provides competency-based training programs and strengthens linkages with partners to develop competent workers for local and global employment and entrepreneurial opportunities for quality life. The school is an Accredited Assessment Center and Venue for various qualifications; a Regional Site for Language Skills Programs since 2008. It offers 16 Qualifications registered under the Unified TVET Program Registration and Accreditation System (UTPRAS). In December 2011, the school offered Training Methodology Program for the trainers handling TVET qualifications.

In October, 2011, the school has been accredited with the Asia Pacific Accreditation and Certification Commission (APACC) and a recipient of a bronze level award. This shows that its physical resources, faculty, curriculum, governance and management, are as good as those in the Asia Pacific Region’s TVET schools. The award received motivates its faculty and staff to continue working for the attainment of school’s vision, mission and objectives; as it belongs to the first 21 schools of the 125 to submit for accreditation.

As of these days, the school does not only cater high school graduates. It accommodates college graduates who wants to be technically trained, college undergraduates who dropped from school due to financial constraints, military personnel endorsed by officials from the Armed Forces to take programs prior to their retirement. It likewise recognizes high school undergraduates who have prior learning based on experience and graduates of the Alternative Learning System.

The Puerto Princesa School of Arts and Trades (PPSAT) is located along Rafols Road, Barangay Sta. Monica, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines. The school was created under Republic Act 7928 on March 1, 1995 to offer technology programs to the high school graduates who cannot afford to take a four-year college program. It started offering a two-year program in Construction and Electronics Sector. On March, 2003, it had been identified as a Center of Technical Excellence with Machining as its Distinctive Area of Competence. The school was one of the 41 school-beneficiary of Technical Education and Skills Development projects funded by Asian Development Bank. This leads to more programs registered and opened to serve its clients.

Currently, the school strengthens its partnership with Local Government Units, Non-Government Units and industries to meet graduates supply and employment demand of the country. It closely coordinates with the TESDA-Palawan Provincial Office and other Offices for quality delivery of services for customer satisfaction.

As of 2011, PPSAT had produced 2,413 graduates, and 64% are already working. It serves more out-of-school youths who aspire for technical jobs in the Philippines and abroad.

© 2013 March Clarissa C. Posadas…

13 Different Types of Engineering Explained

13 Different Types of Engineering Explained

As a student considering your options for college or university, the choices can be overwhelming. This is the case even within certain disciplines where there might be a dozen different subcategories and / or specialties within the profession. Let’s explore some of the more popular Engineering disciplines, shall we?

Agricultural Engineering is the engineering discipline that strives to apply engineering science to agricultural production and farming. In some circles it is commonly accepted that the scope of agricultural engineering is broader than all other forms of engineering, as it combines elements of mechanical, civil, and chemical engineering with animal and plant biology.

Architectural Engineering involves the application of engineering principles to building construction and design. In some parts of the world, the words architect and architectural engineer are used interchangeably.

Biomedical Engineering strives to apply engineering principles and technology to the field of medicine. Originally considered an interdisciplinary specialization, biomedical eng has grown to become a respected discipline of its own. Tissue engineering, while also considered a specialization within biotechnology, is one such example of biomedical engineering in action.

Ceramic Engineering relates to the practice of designing and creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials. The process generally includes the purification of raw materials, the production of compounds, their formation into components, and the study of their composition, properties and structure.

Civil Engineering is a discipline that deals primarily with the design, construction and maintenance of bridges, roads, canals, and the like. As a point of interest, this engineering discipline was enshrined to distinguish itself from military engineering. It is considered the second-oldest discipline, after military.

Computer Engineering is a combination of computer science and electronic engineering. Computer engineers design both computer software and computer hardware, in addition to developing solutions for the integration of the two.

Electrical Engineering is the study and application of electromagnetism, electronics, and electricity. It’s a broad-based discipline that encompasses the design and implementation of various electronic / electrical systems such as circuits, generators, motors, and transformers.

Environmental Engineering refers to the application of scientific principles to environmental improvement. Generally speaking, this discipline attempts to provide healthy air, water and land for safe habitation. Additionally, this particular discipline attempts to find ways to reverse environmental damages caused by pollution.

Industrial Engineering is a discipline concerned with the development and ongoing improvement of integrated systems. In manufacturing systems, focus is placed on finding ways to eliminate waste (time, money, materials, energy, etc). Industrial engineering is not necessarily limited to manufacturing, however.

Manufacturing Engineering, on the other hand, deals almost exclusively with the design and maintenance of different manufacturing processes, tools, equipment and machines. Lean manufacturing principles are one such example of scientific manufacturing in action.

Materials Engineering is concerned with the properties of matter and it’s application to science and technology. This generally refers to the study of the structure of materials at the molecular level, and includes elements of applied physics and chemistry. Nanotechnology is one such example of materials engineering in action.

Mechanical Engineering is …

Dr Reverend Michael Bernard Beckwith

Dr Reverend Michael Bernard Beckwith

Michael Beckwith was born in 1956. His first experience with religion wasn’t an entirely pleasant one, and he left his native Methodist and Congregational church at 16. As he has said since, “it just wasn’t feeding me. I liked the teachings of Jesus, but I didn’t see people practicing what he said.” Like many other baby boomers, he began investigating Eastern and African modes of spirituality the 1970s. However, unlike many of them, he decided to found his own church by the time he was 30.

The interdenominational church that became Agape was founded on the notion of New Thought-Ancient Wisdom — generally that focusing your mind and training your thoughts allows you could more fully experience the single divine force at the heart of every living thing and communicate that to others through your actions. Though the New Thought Movement is quite old, going as far back in one form or another to such figures from the turn of the last century as William Walker Atkinson and Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, it remains vital today as several different denominations, such as Religious Science.

Michael was ordained in Religious Science in 1985, and he soon began teaching a few friends at his home. In 1986 he founded Agape International Spiritual Centre in Santa Monica, California. In just a few years, membership swelled. Eventually the ministry found a new, much larger home in Culver City, California, where it remains today.

What started out as that small gathering of practitioners has today grown into a centre that serves a congregation estimated at nearly 10,000 each week. While the message may seem to differ from that of the more “mainstream” churches, Reverend Beckwith’s church is responsible for a bevy of ministries such as, aiding poor and disadvantaged individuals in the US and worldwide. Other campaigns include supporting orphanages for the survivors of AIDS, the peace movement, food distribution to the local homeless populations and environmental advocacy.

Today, the Church itself is a model of interracial and interdenominational harmony. Indeed, many members continue with their various faiths in addition to feeling the message at Agape. While the congregation does include the wealthy and powerful people who live and work in the nearby area, people of all backgrounds witness the rousing spectacle that is a service at Beckwith’s church.

As a founding member of the Association for Global New Thought in 2000, “dedicated to creating a spiritual transformation of the Earth as a whole,” Michael continues working to promote peace and forgiveness. The charter documents declare an emphasis on the shared nature of all life and the birthright of abundance that is each member’s right.

The Reverend Beckwith has received a great deal of attention lately, from other devotional and service groups, appearing as a guest columnist in several devotional websites and magazines. With other members of the New Thought movement, he had an audience with the Dali Lama. At Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, the all-black men’s institution has installed him in their Wall of …

A Quick Biography of Jacob Bogatin

A Quick Biography of Jacob Bogatin

Jacob Bogatin, born as Yakov Gershevich Bogatin on August, 13th in 1947. He attended Saratov’s elementary and middle schools. Then he continued his education in Saratov’s Mathematical School. Being in the 9th grade Jacob started a pilot and sky jumping program in Gagarin Aviation School. In 1965 after graduation from high school the young man applied to Cinematography College in Moscow but it was unsuccessful. Later he was accepted in Saratov State University and graduated with physics degree in 1970.

Immediately afterwards Jacob took a junior research post at Saratov State University and got a PhD in Physics. Since then he had established the largest magnetic laboratory in Volga region and equipped it with modern scientific machinery such as: Jeol and Comeca Micro analyzer, Magnetic Spectra analyzer and 500 thousand magnification Electronic microscopes. In 1971 he got married. From 1973 till 1985 the professor published over 100 articles about permanent magnets. In 1978 young fellow invented the powerful ND-Fe-B permanent magnets which are used in electronics, cars and jets nowadays. In 1977 Jacob received a full professorship in physics. Under his leadership many undergraduate students got their PhD’s and became scientists. His relationship with Russian government started worsening right after his mother and sister immigrated to Israel. In 1985 young professor applied for an immigration visa which was denied twice. In 1987 the man finally granted a permission to leave Russia and immigrate to the United States. His family was given 10 days to leave Russia.

In 1987 Bogatin emigrated to the USA and joined the Airspace Company in Jenkintown, Pennsylvania. From 1987 to 1988 he had been a manager of magnetic department and built a research center with magnetic laboratory. In 1989 he invented the first Uranium Rare-Earth Metal Magnet along with the Aquanides Magnet.

During 1988-1993 the scientist lectured at UPEN for an undergraduate program.

His children graduated in 1992 and 1998 from UPEN and Haneman University, they got married later on. His daughter has two children, his son has one child.

In 1993 the scholar organized a Magnetic Company to manufacture magnets.

In 1998 Jacob started a green field operation for his daughter and his son-in-law. Moreover, in 2000 he built a 3500 feet medical center with a doctor’s office, radiology and physical therapy departments.

In 2002 he made a decision to issue the first glossy monthly publication for the Russian community in the USA and Canada called The Health Magazine. Five years later the magazine became the only successful periodical with a circulation of over 50,000 copies per month.

In 2002 the scientist was hired by a group of private investors to build a 22000 square feet diagnostic center. In 2003 Radiology department with 25 employees opened its doors to give community an access for the newest technology: Siemens 1.5 tesla short board MRI, 64 slices CT Scan, Dual head Nuclear medicine and many more.

In 2003 the professor opened a Sleep Disorder Center for patients with sleep disorders.

In 2004 Jacob completed a radiation oncology …

His Most Famous Sculpture (Lipstick (Ascending) On Caterpillar Tracks) – Claes Oldenburg

His Most Famous Sculpture (Lipstick (Ascending) On Caterpillar Tracks) – Claes Oldenburg

Swedish sculptor Claes Oldenburg created the splendid ‘Installation Art,’ “Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks,” during 1969-1974. The masterpiece is installed at Samuel F. B. Morse College, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

The body of the mysterious “Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks” comprises of a 24 feet lipstick standing on a tank track, which the artist called ‘caterpillar.’ Made out of cost-efficient raw materials, Claes employed plywood track for the base and red vinyl balloon top, to be puffed up for better visibility and gaining focus. He used Cor-Ten steel, steel, aluminum, cast resin that was painted with polyurethane enamel. Measuring good 23’6″ x 24’11” x 10’11” (7.2m x 7.6m x 3.3m), Stuart Wrede and students at the Yale School of Architecture commissioned the artwork in January 1969.

“Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks” was originally installed on May 15, 1969, at Beinecke Plaza (Hewitt Quadrangle), Yale University, to be inaugurated on October 17, 1974. The innovative concept of constructing a gold-colored tube of orange lipstick, mounted on a large steel base, equipped with rust-colored caterpillar treads, gathered a lot of crowd and took Yale by surprise. It was Oldenburg’s first monumental public sculpture.

The gigantic artwork symbolizes antiwar sentiments of the students of the art school. As a goodwill gesture, everyone from Yale, right from its students, to teaching faculty, to alumni, contributed towards the cost of construction. In harmony, Oldenburg too did not charge any fee for “Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks.” He called the group working secretly for the installation, as the Colossal Keepsake Corporation of Connecticut. Claes decided upon Beinecke Plaza as the site of installation.

Eventually, the Corporation legally presented the artwork to Yale. Vincent Scully, a Professor of Morse College, lightly commented, “the Beinecke’s natural complement on the dressing table.” Towards the end of Vietnam War, the rebellious impact was turned vocal even in the Art College. The tank-shaped base of Cales’ “Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks” was used as a rally platform, and the installation was subsequently laden with posters and scribbles. By March 1970, the wooden tracks of the installation had rotted due to environmental exposure and abuse. Oldenburg moved the sculpture to its construction factory in North Haven. The next year, historians and art professors decided to bring it back for its final installation in college campus.

Even today, Morse college students retrieve inspiration from the enigmatic monument. The students of Yale say, “Morse without Lipstick is like Yale without Harkness (minus the bells).”…

How Do Allowing Statements Help the Law of Attraction?

How Do Allowing Statements Help the Law of Attraction?

There are three steps to activate the law of attraction. First you must identify what you want. Often this is done by identifying what you don’t want and then, stating the exact opposite.

The second step is to give attention to your desire. Some refer to this step simply as asking. In this step you make your intention known and put out positive vibrations to attract what you want

The third and often the most difficult step is allowing. In the allowing step you get ready to receive. In order to receive, you must remove all doubt and any negative vibrations.

If you are sure about what you want, are clear about asking, but doubt it will happen, it will not come your way. The negative thoughts will create resistance.

Michael Losier coined the term allowing statement in his book “The Law of Attraction. Allowing statements can help you deal with doubt and negative thoughts by following a simple process. Allowing statements allow you to remove doubt by creating a possibility. You can create this possibility by asking yourself some simple questions.

Here’s an example of how the process works. Let’s say your desire is to attract abundance and wealth. While you want wealth, you have doubts you can attain it because of your educational background. Perhaps you did not finish college.

Now, some simple questions enter into the equation. The first question is, “Is there anyone on the planet who became wealthy without the benefit of a college education? The obvious answer is yes and your research will back this up.

The next question to ask is “If so, how many, people today, yesterday, and so on became wealthy without attending college? Throughout the ages, the answer is simply lots of people. This knowledge can now be used to counteract any doubt you may have.

We can now construct an allowing statement. In some ways, it is similar to an affirmation, but it is targeted directly at the doubt you have uncovered. Here is your allowing statement in this example. “Lots of people have become wealthy without attending college.”

This statement will now counteract the limiting belief that cast doubt over your ability to manifest what you desire. The positive proof that your attainment is possible can now help you to allow the manifestation to occur in your life.…

The Benefits of Music Education to Children

The Benefits of Music Education to Children


Music is a very powerful subject – It has been used since the Greek times for healing, communication, relaxation and for enjoyment. Even before birth we are aware of our mother’s heartbeat and during infancy are relaxed by the song of a lullaby. Every day everybody hears some form of musical pitch or rhythm and it can even be found in nature such as how birds communicate through a song-like speech.

Music is such a powerful force, it creates deep emotions in humans – it is played at weddings for happiness, in horror films and during war for fear and at home for happiness and because of this lends itself to relaxation, stress relief and health therapy – and the connection between music, body, and soul has even been shown to improve physical and mental health.

Skills such as working in teams, communication, self-esteem, creative thinking, calmer attitudes, imagination, discipline, study skills and invention are learnt and improved through the study of music and by focusing on the fact that young children are mostly highly receptive to pitch and rhythm – one of the main ways a child learns its language – that we can drive education in music to children to help them with benefits ranging success in society and in life.

“We believe the skills the arts teach -creative thinking, problem-solving, risk-taking, teamwork and communications – are precisely the tools the workforce of tomorrow will need. If we don’t encourage students to master these skills through quality arts instruction today, how can we ever expect them to succeed in their highly competitive business careers tomorrow?”

-Richard Gurin

Chief Executive Officer, Binney and Smith, maker of Crayola crayons

Music is a part of our society and a part of all communities – every human culture uses music to carry forward its ideas and ideals. A study of the arts provides children with an internal glimpse of other cultures and teaches them to be empathetic towards the people of these cultures. This development of compassion and empathy, as opposed to developing greed and a selfish attitude, provides bridges across different cultures that lead to a respect of other races at an early age.

Music has a great value to our economy – it creates jobs, increase’s tax base, boosts tourism and spurs growth in related businesses. Music study develops skills that are necessary in the workplace such as teamwork skills and discipline – during musical performances all members must work together to create the sounds they wish to achieve and for this regular practice is also required. Music favors working and ‘doing’ as opposed to observing, and these are the ethics employers are looking for.

Because of music’s ability to relax, calm and heal, and its optimal platform for emotions, the involvement with music helps to carve brighter attitudes – more optimism towards the future, less TV and non productive activities, low use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs and desire to develop individual abilities.

Music requires study skills, …

3 Reasons Why You’re Waitlisted at Harvard

3 Reasons Why You’re Waitlisted at Harvard

There are 3 big reasons why you’re on the waitlist at an Ivy League school. They are:

1. You’re well-rounded, but no clear spikes

Do you have a high SAT score, are president of 2 clubs at school, and play on the varsity soccer team? You’re a well-rounded student, don’t get me wrong.

But let’s drop the false pretense that well-rounded students get into Ivy League schools. It simply isn’t true.

Colleges want well-rounded student bodies. But not every accepted student has to be a scholar-scientist-athlete-leader.

I briefly touch upon this point in my post on international students going to college as well.

What does this mean? It means that if you have a clear spike – you’ve always loved biology, started taking molecular biology classes at the local university in 10th grade, won national Science Olympiad medals in chemistry and international competitions in various things like Science Bowl, Oceanography Bowl, and the like, then you’ll get accepted over the well-rounded person described above.

2. You come from an unknown high school

Sad to say, colleges have feeder high schools. This happens because admissions committees know the high school well, they’re familiar with its academic standards, they know how tough it is, the strength of extracurricular programs and athletic teams, and so on. It’s easier for application readers to judge exactly how strong a student you are.

But if you go to Humble High School in Podunk, Illinois – where no student has ever attended an Ivy League school and only 50% of students go to 4-year colleges, then your chances are lower. It’s tougher to stand out. Even if you win nationally recognized prizes, your academic record and transcript will still be suspect. Your leadership positions in school clubs will be at a discount. Admissions committees are unsure about the quality of your achievements. It’s a fact.

3. Your essays don’t highlight your accomplishments

Essay topics are worth a whole series of posts, but let me say this: no one gets into top schools by writing about their cat, Woodrow Wilson, or when they got their first car.

Why? Because none of these topics, unless expertly written, refer back to your accomplishments. Personal stories are great, and discussing how your cat made you a more mature person is fine, but unless the story is shocking, it won’t leave an impression on the readers’ mind. In addition, it won’t help you advertise your strengths – on the basis of which your admissions decisions are made.

Always focus on personal stories that highlight your strongest accomplishments, and tell these stories in a way that puts your achievements – whether it’s sports, arts, or math – into context. How Woodrow Wilson made you love politics and want to change the world is okay, but how Woodrow Wilson made you love politics so much that you attended Boys Nation and started the first ever high school political magazine is much, much better.

You have to advertise yourself if you want to attend the …