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Day: March 14, 2019

ESL Bingo Cards

ESL Bingo Cards

Any language which is widely used beyond the population of native speakers is known as a "lingua franca". Such languages ​​are widely used, for example, in business and commerce, science, diplomacy and culture. During ancient times and right up until the late Middle Ages, two of the main lingua franca in Europe were Latin (mainly in Western Europe) and Greek (mainly in Eastern Europe). With the rise up of the Hapsburgs, Spanish became the language of international diplomacy, until it in turn was displaced in this field by French. Many other languages ​​have at times sometimes specified as lingua franca for international communication, and some of these include German, Russian, Portuguese, Polish, classical Chinese, and Arabic. Nowadays, because of the former British Empire, the events of World War II, and the huge cultural, economic and political influence of the United States of America, English has become the dominant lingua franca of international commerce, science, technology and aviation. Additionally, English has become the leading language on the Internet, in part due to the fact that the Internet was first developed in the United States, in part due to the fact that English was already dominant among the scientists and technologists who were the first heavy users of the Internet, and in part due to massive impact of technology businesses founded in English-speaking countries (especially the United States).
Given the importance of English, more and more people are wanting to learn the language. This in turn further entrenches the importance of understanding and speaking English, which encourages yet more people to learn English, and so on.

Many non-native speakers are, of course, able to pick up some English from hearing and seeing the language in daily use. It's also certainly true that an intense number of people have learnt some English as a result of watching Hollywood movies, watching British or American TV programs, or listening to Western popular music. However, non-native speakers who wish to use English as part of their professional life, generally find that more formal education in English – studying "English as a Second Language" (sometimes also known as "English as a Foreign Language" – abbreviated to "ESL" or "EFL") – to be useful.

Teachers of ESL courses will generally aim to bring into their students a good knowledge of both spoken and written English. This will be done through various classroom activities including speaking, reading and writing the language, as well as classroom games.

One particular game that is increasingly popular in ESL courses is bingo. Bingo is ideal for teaching situations because it is very easy for students to learn and play, because it does not require expensive materials, and because it can be adapted to teaching numerous different topics. The game is played in class: –

1. Before class, the teacher prepares a set of bingo cards (one per student), containing the items to be taught or revised. Depending on the theme for the lesson, this may include numbers, dates, times, or English words (sight …

Prospective Reflections on Computers and Technology

Prospective Reflections on Computers and Technology

The millennium era is the season for information technology, internet and computers. They become the parts and parcel of our daily life. We cannot dream of living without them. In order to honor them, I provide in this article, various prospective reflections on computers and technology.

Here they are:

  • Technology is ruled by two types of people: those who manage what they do not understand and those who understand what they do not manage.
  • Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.
  • The first rule of any technology used in a business is that automation applied to an efficient operation will magnify the efficiency. The second is that automation applied to an inefficient operation will magnify the inefficiency.
  • Information Technology and business are becoming inextricably interwoven. I don’t think anybody can meaningfully talk about one without talking about the other.
  • Technology is nothing. What’s important is that you have a faith in people, that they are basically good and smart and if you give them tools, they will do wonderful things with them.
  • Every once in a while, a new technology, an old problem and a big idea turn into an innovation.
  • The science of today is the technology of tomorrow.
  • I think it’s fair to say that personal computers have become the most empowering tool we’ve ever created. They are tools of communication, they are tools of creativity and they can be shaped by their user.
  • Treat your password like a toothbrush. Don’t let anybody else use it and get a new one every six months.
  • The next major explosion is going to be when genetics and computers come together. I am talking about an organic computer – about biological substances that can function like a semiconductor.
  • Computing is not about computers anymore. It is about living.
  • With all the abundance we have of computers and computing, what is scarce is human attention and time.
  • The new information technology – internet and email – have practically eliminated the physical costs of communications.
  • Part of the inhumanity of the computer is that, once it is competently programmed and working smoothly, it is completely honest.
  • By the time we get to the 2040s, we’ll be able to multiply human intelligence a billion-fold. That will be a profound change that’s singular in nature. Computers are going to keep getting smaller and smaller. Ultimately, they will go inside our bodies and brains and make us healthier and smarter.

Summing up, those are quite a few reflections on computers and technology that speak boldly on their prospects, importance and efficiency.…