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Month: July 2018

English Only in the EFL Classroom: Worth the Hassle?

English Only in the EFL Classroom: Worth the Hassle?

Introduction

In considering the use of L1 (the learners mother tongue) in ELT (English Language Teaching) on ​​the part of the teacher, one of the first assumptions is that the teacher has a sufficient command of the students L1 to be of value in the first place. Another assumption which may well affect this scenario is that all the learners in a class or group have the same L1. While these assumptions may often be the case in numerous EFL (English as a Foreign Language) teaching / learning settings, many times they are not. In the case of multi-cultural classes (ie, in the USA, UK, Australia, Canada, India, etc.) where the learners have different L1s, or when the teacher does not have a working knowledge of the learners L1, a frequent occurrence in Asia, Africa and eastern Europe, applied L1 use in the EFL classroom is strictly limited or may be rendered virtually impossible.

Use of L1 in the Classroom

In my case, I'll talk about those instances where I do in fact use the learners L1 in my EFL classes. I have acquainted a working knowledge of Spanish and all my university and independent students have Spanish as their L1. Although I'm against any substantial use of L1 in ESOL (the teaching of English to Speakers of Other Languages) classes, there are situations where its use is quite valuable. In addition, at early levels a ratio of about 5 per cent native language to about 95 per cent target language may be more profitable than the use of "English only". (Atkinson, 1987) On the first day of class with a new group, I explain to the learners that they are allowed to ask "How do you say ______ in Spanish?" where the Spanish (L1) word or phrase is filled in the blank. This allows the students to get key vocabulary in their written or spoken expression while limiting their use of L1 in class.

When learners are stumped for abstract lexis, a word or phrase which can not be easily elicited during the course of a lesson, I'll simply "give" them the word in Spanish to aid in continuing with the smooth flow of the lesson and not get "bogged down" in trying to come up with the elusive lexis by other means. When a student gives me production of incomprehensible language, ie, I (nor the other learners) can not decipher what the student is trying to say in English, I'll say "Tell me that in Spanish." Armed with this new understanding I (or one of the other learners) can then provide that learner with corrected, comprehensible forms which else might elude both (or even all) of us.

During a written exam, I'll also "give" the learners a word or phrase writing it on the board in English and / or Spanish to avoid extensive disruption of the test-taking process. Since I do not prepare the exams, new lexis can creep into readings, instructions or exercises. When a learner, …

Is it Time for a Career Change?

Is it Time for a Career Change?

Are you finding yourself smack-dab in the middle of a corporate downsizing ? Are you fed up with your current job and just want to try something different? Or have you simply decided to get involved in an industry that really excites you?

Whatever the case, there is a tool you've got to use to be successful in your transition. It's called a Career Change Resume . This is a little understood but very powerful tool in the job search arena. Done correctly the Career Change Resume opens doors and gets you in at a higher level (meaning higher pay) than a regular resume.

The trick is convincing employees to give you a shot at the new job and not start you out on the bottom rung! The secret is being able to show the employer that even though you are new to the industry, you have valuable skills and abilities that will benefit him and his business.

The biggest mistake I see people make is using the same old resumes in applying for new jobs.Those Resumes will not work! The next big mistake is to write a resume that makes them appear to be completely new to the work-place , a resume that does not even show one ounce of applicable, valuable skill. That type of resume simply screams entry level pay-scale .

Here is a drill, take a good hard look at what skills and abilities you already possess. Are these skills and abilities valuable to a new employer, even in a new field? You probably have tons of applicable experience, and schooling that will translate to the new career. Do the drill, you will surprise yourself! You are a valuable person.

Now write the resume in a format that will really show off these skills and abilities and show the employer that you will be an extremely valuable member of his staff. A key to doing this well is to show how your experience at job A will translate smoothly over to job B. Be precise and clear.
Know what you are talking about.

Your Objective should clearly state what you bring to the table as an employee and give the employer a spelling reason to call you for an interview. And the body or your resume should back up your objective, Selling your transferable Skills and Abilities .

You should also send a cover letter that stresses how excited you are about the new field and focus on experience, training etc. that translates to the new field. Show your motivation and enthusiasm and sell yourself as an ideal candidate.

In this particular situation I recommend you use a resume writing professional. The reason is that you can easily lose thousands of dollars in salary with an improperly written resume yet, you can hire an incredibly skilled and talented Resume writer for only a couple of hundred dollars, does not it make sense?

Good luck in your New career! …

Education Jobs

Education Jobs

With education jobs picking up coast to coast, more and more people are checking out opportunities of jobs in education. Nowadays, it is possible to move from one state to the other in the US of you are in education employment as the college of education collections opportunities in K-12 jobs for all the 50 states. There are many states in the US that do not centralize job advertisements.

Widespread education work opportunities coast to coast

Education work can be very mentally fulfilling if you love to teach and also stay close to academies through your life. Education professionals have also ratched up in popularity along average Americans after more federal funding is finding its way into quality education from the ground up. It is easy to find education employment anywhere in the US as well as abroad if you are equipped with the right qualifications and experience.

Every federal state in the US is continuously upgrading and fine tuning their teacher certification and license rules as well as requirements. The certification and license rules also vary from state to state as candidates check out opportunities for education jobs.

You can easily check the individual certification requirements of states online to identify education work options all around. There are several websites about interstate agreements that can be great resources for education jobs as well.

Every agreement is within the state jurisdiction and outlines particular type of education certification for teachers, administrators, career, technical and service personnel in education related employment. When there is an acceptance, the receiving state will issue authorization to allow the certificate holder to teach and also provide educational services in the receiving state. The educator can also teach and practice after the time limit.

Workable solutions underway for more affordable alternatives

A lot of gainful work is up and running these days to remove the debt burdens of graduating students and they are putting up more opportunities to get things right. Education professionals are not one size fits all as you can seek employment in various capacities these days.

You could be a superintendent or work even in administrative capacities in schools and colleges. There are opportunities for work with software manufacturers who deliver state of the art tool and technologies for education.

To provide broad access to quality education for all Americans, workable solutions are under way to create options for affordable alternatives. The need of the hour is to make employment opportunities in education more widespread than ever before.

Students are also enabled to make well informed decisions and the get quality secondary education upfront. Taxpayers are also offered several incentives for supporting education and the creation of more education jobs in future. …

The 7 Biggest Mistakes Most New Daycare Owners Make – And How to Avoid Them!

The 7 Biggest Mistakes Most New Daycare Owners Make – And How to Avoid Them!

What does it take to be successful in child care?

Obviously, you should have a deep & passionate desire to take care of children, a huge amount of patience, and the ability to juggle several tasks at once (such as warming a bottle while helping toddlers with an art project).

It also helps if you have a separate space in your home, such as a finished basement, where you can run your child care business.

But as if that isn’t enough, there are many things that a successful home daycare owner needs to be good at besides caring for children. Honestly, it can be quite daunting.

Things like getting paid on time from parents, writing solid policies & contracts, marketing your business to new potential clients, obtaining the right insurance policy, understanding record-keeping and how it affects your taxes, and overall, just getting started in a manner that will optimize success.

To help you get started more successfully, here are seven of the biggest, costliest mistakes women make when starting their own home-based child care business, and how to avoid them.

BIG MISTAKE #1: Not doing the proper research on the child care market in your town or city.

This is a crucial step that many new child care business owners miss, usually because they’re not sure how to go about it. Or they may think that it’s not really necessary to do the research, because they don’t understand how it could impact them.

After all, it’s just a small home-based business, right? Why do you need to do all that extra work up-front?

The goal here is not to spend weeks or months completing some huge market research project that you’re not ever going to use.

I’m talking about spending a few hours over the next few days, calling around (or maybe visiting some other child care businesses) and asking key questions.

Let me give you an example of what I’m talking about. My neighbor Mary, who runs a child care business in her home, discovered a couple things about our local market that helped her create a more profitable business. The first thing was, our town has ½-day Kindergarten, not full-day. By talking to other Moms in our town, Mary found there was a need in our town for “before-and-after care”, that is someone who could watch Kindergarteners & older kids before and after school. She structured her daycare to fill this need. All she had to do was make sure the buses were able to pick up & drop off these kids at her home, and she was able to start taking kids.

So what you want to uncover, when you do your upfront research, is a “pocket of unfulfilled need” in terms of child care. You don’t need it to be a huge pocket, but something unique about your business that will bring you customers who have that need.

Other examples of this are:

– offering second or third shift care if you have large companies …

Science As A Career Choice

Science As A Career Choice

When most people think about science jobs, they think about someone trapped in a windowless lab, running endless experiments involving rats, beakers, and bunsen burners. This could not be further from the truth. Today's scientists work in pharmaceutical companies, with geological surveys, on long-haul sailing ships. Most astronauts must have a science background. Automobiles and nuclear power plants are designed by the same scientists working on futuristic green power technologies. There has never been a better time for young people to examine the field of science as a future career path.

Science Preparatory Courses to Take

In high school, the most important basic courses to focus on are not science – rather, math is the foundation of every science field. Do not just take every math course you can; master them. Develop a relationship with your teacher, and find out what you can do to learn more on your own. While some career paths only need knowledge on paper, in science it is critical that you really understand the math, all the way to the bottom. In addition, take courses in computer science at every level, from basic programming to advanced database applications. Your most critical tool as a scientist will be the computer.

Go ahead and take a variety of science courses, wherever you have decided which field to go into or not. All the science fields are related, and you'll be surprised at how many places biological sciences intersect with geological ones, or at how important physics can be to understand how your cells function.

Do not overlook your other subjects. Scientists write a lot, so English is important. Because science is a very creative field, a wide base of knowledge in the humanities – history, art, music, literature – will always help expand your possibilities.

Science Careers

In any of the science careers, you'll be able to find something to do that matches your activity level. Like to climb mountains and go caving? Geology, biology, and meteorology all need field scientists who love activity. Prefer to sit in a lab and crunch numbers? Every science field needs lab rats.

Here are a few ideas:

Artifact dating technician: this person can take a pottery shard and, using a variety of techniques from carbon dating to tree ring analysis to spectrography, determine where it was made and sometimes when it was discarded.

Automobile designer: this career uses the science fields of engineering, aerodynamics, physics, and mechanics to create vehicles to address many different needs, from construction to racing.

Volcanologist: One of the most demanding scientific fields, volcanologists place and read monitors to gauge volcanic activity. Their goals may be prediction, harnessing volcanic energy, or simply studying the causes and effects of volcanoes.

Geneticist: Genetics is one of the most wide-ranging and rapidly growing fields of science careers today, with opportunities in cloning animals, curing cancer and other genetic diseases, creating bacteria that do things like eat oil slicks, or trace the history of human migration. In almost every field …

Colleges in the Chicago Area

Colleges in the Chicago Area

Chicago, Illinois sits as one of the major metropolitan areas in the United States, so it is natural that Chicago colleges not only provide a plethora of subjects to learn, but are also among the finest schools in the nation. Whether it is accounting or art, business or computers, fashion or construction, or any other career path you are interested in, Chicago has what you need.

Express Yourself

Some people crave a means of self-expression and then want to study art. Well, there are universities in the heartland of Illinois that have you covered in that respect. You can apply to the Academy of Art University, the Illinois Institute of Art and the Brooks Institute of Photography, to name only three colleges around the city. On the other hand, maybe you like to work with your hands. In that case, consider Chicago Culinary Institute and the Chicago School of Massage Therapy.

What's in a Name?

And, these days, going to college does not mean having to actually drive to a campus. There are a whole host of options offering online programs. So, while these centers of higher learning might not require trips to Chicago themselves, they are nonetheless part of the overall program. You can earn a degree from any of them.

Is there a Doctor in the House?

If the medical field is your chosen vocation, Chicago colleges offer a full range of courses in the medical sciences. You can earn a degree from the Chamberlain College of Nursing, or maybe the Chicago School of Professional Psychology. And then there is the Illinois School of Health Careers. Of course, many other Chicago colleges have pre-med, medical and other health related programs. Check out their web sites, and you will find all the classes you could ever want.

Change of Gear

Switching gears, it is a fact of life that technology continues to change and develop. So a degree in computer science, computer networking, electronic engineering, etc. can be earned from Chicago colleges like the Computer Systems Institute, the High-Tech Institute, and the ITT Technical Institute. In the case of the latter, ITT offers both online classes and has a campus in the city.

So, no matter your interest, colleges through the Chicago metropolitan area will meet your educational need. You can earn a degree in any field of endeavor, without irresolvable financial constraint. All institutions of higher learning offer scholarships, grants, and student loans. So pursue your dream of a college education in Chicago. …

How to Publish Your Own Science Journal?

How to Publish Your Own Science Journal?

One of the reasons why mankind is able to enjoy the amenities of modern life is due to constant advances in science and technology. Through the various developments in science and technology, mankind has learned the ability to understand the universe some extent. If it was not for the scientists and researchers who have worked since the time of Aristotle, many of the amenities of modern life such as TV would not have been invented. All of these scientific advances are documented for future generations through the utilization of scientific journals.

A science journal is a publication that contains various scientific papers that have been written after proper research. Many scientists and researchers use appropriate science journals to publish their own work in the form of a short scientific paper that consist of 5 to 30 pages. Then, other scientists and researchers who are working in a similar field can also look at that particular scientific paper, in order to see whether the research can be improved. As a result, one advantage of publishing a scientific paper is to trademark your work before anyone else, while the second advantage is to help build upon the knowledge that already exists. This way, new scientists and researchers can also advance their work by utilizing these scientific papers.

Of course, there may come a time, in which you may also decide to create your own science journal or technology journal. Creating a scientific journal is a difficult process, which requires the journal to be designed and made in a systematic way. First of all, a scientific journal should have a good and unbiased editorial board. This is very important, as the editorial board should govern the process of the submission of scientific papers and it should regulate double blind reviews for the submitted scientific papers. In addition, the process of editorial review should be clear to the scientific community in the beginning, when the science journal is first established. Thus, if you are establishing your own science journal, you should approach respected collections who can help you to establish your editorial board.

Once you have chosen the editorial board, you should also set the standards that you will accept for a scientific paper. For example, do you require computational simulations in your technology journal or do you just want analytical studies to be published. As another example, do you need to see some experimental proof before you allow the publication of a research paper or it will be enough to have calculations without proof. When you are establishing your own science journal, these criteria should be explored in detail by your editorial board, so that appropriate reviewers can then be chosen to carry out this process.

Naturally, a newly established science journal should have an automated submission system. It is essential to create a system that allows for a paper submission process, which is unbiased, automated and systematic at the same time. Luckily, there are several software that allows you to publish your …

A Brief Explanation of What e-Education is

A Brief Explanation of What e-Education is

A global revolution is taking place in education and training. It is driven by the changing nature of society, the realities of the information age, new global partnerships and an awareness of the need for equal distribution of educational opportunities.

Information and communication technology is central to this global revolution. Digital media has revolutionized the information society. These advances in information and communication technology have dramatically changed the learning and teaching process, and have expanded new learning opportunities and access to educational resources beyond those traditionally available.

Internationally education systems have an obligation to deliver on public expectations of quality education for economic growth and social development and it seems the solution or answers lie in e-education.

But what is this e-education? e-Education is more than developing computer literacy and the skills necessary to operate various types of information and communication technology. It is the ability to:

o apply information and communication technology skills to access, analyze, evaluate, integrate, present and communicate information;

o create knowledge and new information by adapting, applying, designing, inventing and authorizing information;

o enhance teaching and learning through communication and collaboration by using information and communication technology; and

o function in a knowledge driven society by using appropriate technology and mastering communication and collaboration skills.

What is the significance of e-education? Information and communication technology create access to learning opportunities, redress inequalities, and improve the quality of learning and teaching and deliver lifelong learning. Information and communication technology can accommodate differences in learning styles and remove barriers to learning by providing expanded opportunities and individualized learning experiences.

Experience worldwide suggests that information and communication technology does play a role in the transformation of education and training. Information and communication technology can enhance educational reform by enabling teachers and students to move away from traditional approaches to teaching and learning. In a transformed teaching and learning environment, there is a shift from teacher-centered, task-oriented, memory-based education (with technology at the periphery), to an inclusive and integrated practice where students work collaboratively, develop shared practices, engage in meaningful contexts and develop creative thinking and problem-solving skills.

What are the benefits of e-education? There is sufficient empirical evidence that investments in information and communication technology yield positive results for students and teachers. Studies have demonstrated improved student achievement in:

o Application and production of knowledge for the real world;

o Ability of students to manage learning;

o Ability to promote achievement for students who experience barriers to learning; and

o Access to information that increases knowledge, inquiry and depth of investigation.

Furthermore, the use of information and communication technology has demonstrated improved inventive thinking skills, such as creativity, problem solving, higher-order thinking skills and sound reasoning, along with improved effective communication. Improvements in interpersonal skills, such as writing, public speaking, teamwork and collaboration, and improved productivity skills, including creating high-quality products, have also been reported.

Information and communication technology encourages a teaching and learning milieu that recognizes that people operate differently, have different learning styles and have culturally …

Careers in Aviation and Aerospace – Excitement Awaits You

Careers in Aviation and Aerospace – Excitement Awaits You

Whether you are trying to figure out what to do when you "grow up," or you are looking for a new career, one exciting choice to consider is a career in the aviation and aerospace field. This is a field that is not for the fault of heart, but if you love excitement, this just may be a career you will enjoy. While this is a great field to get involved in, a great deal of preparation must be made if you want to have a successful career in this field. There are many positions available, and money to be made, so why not consider what this career has to offer you. Positions Available

There are many different positions available in the aviation and aerospace field, and all are unique and exciting. One career that many think of when they talk about this field is an airline pilot. Some pilots work for private companies, while others have the opportunity to work for larger airline companies. There are airline pilot positions that deal with transferring people, while others may mainly transfer various goods.

Another great career in this field is being an airline stewardess or steward. This career is exciting and allows you to meet many people and to see many places around the world. There are also jobs available for airline mechanics, who deal with the mechanisms of airplanes and ensure that they are safe for flight. Inspectors also are important in the airline industry too.

Traffic controllers have important jobs in the aviation and aerospace industry and they have the responsibility of communication with pilots and making sure that landings and takeoffs occurs as smoothly as possible. Other great practitioners in this field include flight engineers, avionics technicians, avionics technologists, and even astronauts.

Education Needed

There are various levels of education needed in this field, depending on which career you happen to choose. While many companies do not require airline attendants to have a college education, there are specific class that they must take, including classes in airline regulations, CRP and First Aid classes, and other certificates depending on their employer.

Pilots, on the other hand, usually require a great deal more education than do airline attendants. While you at least have to be a high school graduate to be a pilot, most employers actually prefer those who have at least two to four years of college as well. A pilots license must be acquired as well, which will include many hours of flying, both with an instructor and on your own, and passing a physical as well.

Astronauts require a great deal of education as well. Usually they are required to have various bachelor degrees in fields that include physical science, engineering, biological science, and mathematics. A vision test is also required before you can become an astronaut. After astronauts become qualified, then they actually have to complete an entire year of training before they can actively take on this job.

Making Money

The amount of money that …

What To Look for in Colleges for Formal Education

What To Look for in Colleges for Formal Education

When considering colleges for higher education, there are a few things that one needs to look for in them. These factors may be similar in many universities, but there can be several combinations of factors that can definitely tip the scale when it comes to choosing one.

What to Consider

One of the first things that a student should consider when checking out schools for higher education is if it offers the course that student wants. Although many of the programs and courses are similar in most colleges, there are a few that offer coveted courses, which have waiting lists for prospective students and undergraduates. After finding the ones that appeal to the student, one other thing that should be considered is the rate that students graduate from it. Finishing a course from a school for higher education is equivalent to getting a higher chance of being able to find work, and being able to practice their profession effectively. Well-known universities and schools for higher education are part of what human resource officers and managers look for in a resume when there are job applicants. Apart from a good graduation rate, the prospective student should also be well prepared for the application exams and other requirements that the colleges ask for from their applicants. Another factor that should be considered when choosing a school to attend is the ratio of the faculty to student. No matter how desirable the course, teachers will not be effective in teaching if their students outnumber them to the extremes. Teachers can be considered effective if they can separate the knowledge that they have to their students and are understood well. Overcrowded classes may be difficult to handle, and teachers will not be as effective in imparting what the students want to learn.

Yet another factor that needs to be considered when choosing universities is the school's capacity to offer financial aid to the students. No matter how great a university is, if a student can not afford to go to school there, then it is useless to even think about attending it. Many colleges offer good financial aid, but there may be some fine print that needs to be read and understood well before the student should commit to it. The kind of curriculum that some colleges have to offer their students may have similar descriptions, but some are not as engaging as others. Feedback from students who have already graduated are important in this aspect. Many students may have difficulty learning from a boring teacher or a teacher who is not effective when it comes to imparting knowledge. Outside of the formal education that one gets from teachers and professors, one should also take a look at the activities that are offered by the school. There are clubs and fraternities that offer stimulating interaction with other students to enrich their lives. These are just a few of the things that need to be considered when choosing colleges. …